Alternative Methods for Deicing

Note page 5 references 40 gal l-m

Salt brine was the most commonly reported anti-icer used with application rates ranging from 15 to 200 gals/l-m, followed by magnesium chloride brine used at application rates of 15 to 200 gals/l-m. The average liquid application rate was about 40 gals/l-m. Many respondents indicated that they use blends with agriculturally derived products and/or corrosion inhibitors.

Road salts, human safety, and the rising salinity of our fresh waters

Benefit–Cost of Various Winter Maintenance Strategies

Pass the Salt: Efficient Snow & Ice Management

Clear Roads Deicing video, discussing research into solutions

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Discusses Using Lidar to Enhance Effectiveness of Deicing solutions.