Alternative Methods for Deicing
Note page 5 references 40 gal l-m
Salt brine was the most commonly reported anti-icer used with application rates ranging from 15 to 200 gals/l-m, followed by magnesium chloride brine used at application rates of 15 to 200 gals/l-m. The average liquid application rate was about 40 gals/l-m. Many respondents indicated that they use blends with agriculturally derived products and/or corrosion inhibitors.
Road salts, human safety, and the rising salinity of our fresh waters
Benefit–Cost of Various Winter Maintenance Strategies
Pass the Salt: Efficient Snow & Ice Management
Clear Roads Deicing video, discussing research into solutions
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Discusses Using Lidar to Enhance Effectiveness of Deicing solutions.